Storage, carriage and trade of hazardous waste (HW)
The main Hungarian regulation concerning the handling of hazardous waste is Act CLXXXV of 2012 on waste. The Act covers all wastes, all preventive activities, waste management and waste management facilities.
The detailed regulation is covered by implementing decrees that will be shortly introduced in this document.
Storage, carriage, distribution and trade of HW
Government decree No. 225 of 2015 (VIII.7)- regulates all activities related to the carriage, distribution, storage and classification of HW.
The ’producer’ –consignor is responsible for the classification, for placing the HW into appropriate packaging that meets the requirements with regards to quality and labelling. It’s the common responsibility of all participants to ensure that each activities along the waste management chain are handled and coordinated by authorized organizations.
Decree No. 72 of 2013 (VIII.27) Decree of Ministry of Agriculture and Regional Development- regulates the official Waste Register (list of wastes) and ensures the basic requirements for classification. Waste indicated with * are hazardous waste.
Without waste management permission, the producer is allowed to gather waste on his own territory for maximum 12 months.
In Hungary Government decree No. 246 of 2014 (IX.29) differentiates collection point at the working station and on a site-level. If no site collection point is established by the company, waste can be collected and stored for a maximum of 6 months period- except for medical waste.
Government decree No. 439 of 2012 (XII.29.) (on the registration and authorization of waste management activities) points out, that waste can only be handed over to authorized intermediates and traders. Formal requirements on the request for permission on related activities can be found in this Decree as well. The competent authority for general permissions is the National Inspectorate for Environment and Nature. (http://orszagoszoldhatosag.gov.hu/en/)
By carriage or collection permission specified for a defined territory, or for site-collection, the competent authority is the Regional Inspectorate for Environment and Nature.
Carriage documentation for hazardous waste
Decree No. 225 of 2015. (VIII. 7.) – 5. § requires a Delivery sheet (detailed formal requirements in Annex 1. Called „SZ- or K-tickets”) along the whole chain from the place of production to the waste management facility / to the hand over point. Delivery sheets can be ordered from the central office of the Ministry of Environmental Protection on the appropriate form.
Delivery sheets according to Decree No. 98 of 2001 (VI.15) can be applied till 15/05/2016.
Special hazardous waste management
Decree No. 1 of 2002 (I.11) – on the medical service providers and those who handle medical waste in medical institutions. This decree rules the storage of such waste and the quality requirements of the appropriate packings.
Infectious medical waste can be stored no longer than 48 hours without cooling, no longer than 30 days in case of storage in dedicated refrigerator, between 0-5 °C. Annex 4 rules the quality requirements on tools used for related activities.
Electric and electronic equipment
Decree No. 197 of 2014 (VIII. 1.) of the Government on waste management activities related to electric and electronic equipment.
Such waste is not subject to any rules of carriage of hazardous waste when being transported to the place of takeover or from the takeover point to the place of disposal.
Decree No. 145 of 2012 (XII. 27.) of the Ministry of Rural Development laying down detailed rules of waste management of waste oils. 4.§ paragraph (2) rules, that the waste management of such products can be done in accordance with the decree that lays down detailed rules of certain activities related to hazardous waste.
Trade of metals
Act CXL of 2013 about the trade of metals. 4. § paragraph (1) lays down the basic conditions of trading metals that can be done only with the required permission issued by the National Tax and Customs Authority.
The implementing decree is No. 443 of 2013. (XI. 27.), Annex 2 defined the formal requirements for the request form for permission. There are specified requirements with regards to recording and reporting obligations covered by paragraph 5.
Collection and carriage of animal carcasses and animal by-products (not subject to the Waste Decree)
This is an activity subject to authorization. The competent authority is the Food Chain Safety and Animal Health Directorate of the competent County. Collection and carriage can be done with approved vehicles by the competent county’s senior veterinarian.
Collection and carriage must meet the requirements of:
- Regulation (EC) No. 1774/2002 laying down health rules concerning animal by-products not intended for human consumption
– Decree No. 45 of 2012 (V. 8.) of the Ministry of and Rural Development laying down health rules as regards animal by-products not intended for human consumption.
Transboundary shipment of hazardous waste
Decree No. 180 of 2007 (VII. 3.) of the Government rules transboundary shipment of waste, competent authority is the National Central Inspectorate for Environmental and Nature Protection and Water Management. The annexes to this Decree show the notification form sample and other accompanying documents to be submitted to the authority in Hungarian and English language. In case of importing waste, the whole recycling procedure needs to be introduced.
Decree No. 309 of 2014 (XII. 11.) – the producer, the collector, the dealer and the manager of waste are required to provide information on a regular basis (quarterly or annually) about the waste generated from their activities or treated by them.
List of relevant laws
– Act CLXXXV of 2012 on waste.
– Decree No. 225 of 2015 (VIII. 7.) of the Government laying down detailed rules of certain activities related to hazardous waste- This Decree applies to hazardous waste and related activities (collection, transport, storage, treatment), to producers and owners of hazardous waste. Articles 15-18 contain detailed rules of classification of waste of unknown origin.
– Decree No. 72 of 2013 (VIII. 27.) VM of the Ministry of Rural Development concerning the list of wastes.
– Decree No. 246 of 2014 (IX. 29.) Korm. of the Government concerning the creation and operation of certain waste management facilities.
– Decree No. 439 of 2012 (XII. 29.) of the Government on the registration and authorization of waste management activities- This Decree contains rules concerning the registration of intermediates and traders, the authorization of transport, mediation and marketing of waste, the authorization of waste treatment and of public waste management service.
– Decree No. 1 of 2002 (I. 11.) of the Ministry of Health on waste management in medical institutes.
– Decree No. 197 of 2014 (VIII. 1.) of the Government on waste management activities related to electric and electronic equipments.
– Decree No. 145 of 2012 (XII. 27.) of the Ministry of Rural Development laying down detailed rules of waste management of waste oils- In particular, Article 3 of the Decree prohibits the release of waste oils on the surface of and in the soil, in surface and underground waters, and in the sewerage system. This Decree provides also rules of recovery and disposal of waste oils.
– Act CXL of 2013 about the trade of metals
– Decree No. 443 of 2013 (XI. 27.) of the Government on metal trading activities
– Regulation (EC) No. 1774/2002 laying down health rules concerning animal by-products not intended for human consumption
– Decree No. 45 of 2012 (V. 8.) of the Ministry of and Rural Development laying down health rules as regards animal by-products not intended for human consumption
– Decree No. 180 of 2007 (VII. 3.) of the Government concerning transboundary shipment of waste
– Decree No. 309 of 2014 (XII. 11.) of the Government on recording and reporting obligations related to waste.
In Hungary there’s only one tunnel, on highway M6. In fact it is a tunnel chain that consists of 4 tunnels indicated with ‘A’, ‘B’, ‘C’ and ‘D’. Please, take into consideration that these indicators have nothing to do with the tunnel categories of ADR. The M6 tunnel chain is not yet classified so recently should be considered as belonging to the strictest ADR tunnel category ‘A’. Here you can download a general information sheet (HU, DE, EN) from the competent authority.
Carriage of explosive substances and articles
Recently there are 14 EX/II and 8 EX/III vehicles have a valid certificate of approval, no Hungarian MEMU is active. 5 of these vehicles are belonging to freight forwarder companies, 12 are owned by explosion technology specialists and 5 belongs to pyrotechnic companies. Compared to the last few years we experience a decreasing tendency- in 2009. 65 vehicles were active.
Procedure of approval
EX/II and EX/III vehicles shall be subject to an annual inspection that consists of 2 parts:
The inspection is done by TÜV Rheinland Intercert Kft. The official authorization is issued by the Hungarian Trade Licensing Office based on the result of the TÜV Rheinland inspection.
Responsible body: the locally competent Transport Authority of the Government Office.
In case of approved conformity by both inspections, the competent County Transport Authority issues the Certificate of Approval.
From July 2011 the request for approval can be initiated by filling in the form of the Transport Authority with the TÜV inspection report attached.
The National Transport Authority forwards the form and the TÜV report via post to the Hungarian Trade Licensing Office that sends back the resolution. Afterwards the client can start the technical inspection process. The whole procedure takes approximately 1-3 weeks.
Since 2011 no incidents have happened related to the carriage of explosive substances and articles. Although in 2014 approximately 1100-1150 tons of substances and articles of Class 1 were carried on road- 350 tons fireworks included- no extreme infringements were identified on road and site-controls.
- Competent Authorities
Substances of Class 1- approval of packaging, carriage of UN 0190, reclassification from Class 1 to Class 4.1, approval of classification of fireworks- Hungarian Office for Mining and Geology (homepage partially available in English)
Structural Inspection of approved vehicles- Hungarian Trade Licensing Office (homepage partially available in English)
Issuing the Certificate of Approval- County Government Office
- Inspection and approval
The only organization that has the accreditation for certification of explosives of Class 1 is TÜV Rheinland Intercert Kft.
Carriage of radioactive materials
Carriage of radioactive materials is subject to license in Hungary. The main transport mode is road. In most of the cases, the industrial companies arrange their own deliveries, medical institutes mainly contract with a professional forwarder. There are approximately 140 active transport license in Hungary recently.
The most common radioactive materials carried:
- Industrial radiation sources (UN 2909, UN 2916, UN 3332);
- Radioactive waste (UN 2912, UN 2915, …);
- Materials of nuclear medicine and research (UN2910, UN2915);
- Measurement equipments for geotechnical processes (UN 3332);
- Smoke-detectors, drug and explosive detectors with isotopes, EC-detector of gas chromatographs (UN 2911).
The competent authority for licensing carriage of radioactive materials is the Hungarian Atomic Energy Authority.
The licensing enters into force when the HAEA approves the physical protection plan.
Competent authorities and legal background
The only competent authority from January 2016 is the Hungarian Atomic Energy Authority. You can find detailed information in English about legal background and all their activities on their homepage.
The fulfillment of the complex set of tasks related to nuclear emergency preparedness and response is an important area within the scope of activities of the HAEA (more information).
In case of emergency (accident or incident during the carriage of radioactive materials) the National Radiohygiene Emergency Service (NRES) is responsible for professional coordination of troubleshooting- ensuring 24 hour availability. You can find detailed information about their activities here. (Phone: +36 20 936 4847)
Application of fire extinguishers in Hungary
1 _ In the last twenty-six years there had been a controversial legislative environment as 6/1990 (IV.12.) Ministerial Decree contained partially strickter legal requirements but after long discussions and preparation, the minimum requirements were harmonized with ADR in January 2016.
107. § (1) – Transport unit maximum permissible mass: 3500 kg- 12.000 kg at least 1 pc. 6 kg fire extinguisher (ABC)
Transport unit maximum permissible mass: > 12.000 kg 1 pc. 12 kg or 2 pcs of 6 kg fire extinguisher (ABC)
107. § (4) – On vehicles, carrying dangerous goods, the vehicle needs to be equipped with the appropriate number and type of fire extinguishers defined in ADR (8.1.4), but at least in 107. § (1)
There’s one special rule that was accidentally left in the national legislation:
The fire extinguisher has to be stored in a vertical position, or with a maximum deviation of 15°
Decree 54/2014. (XII.5) of Ministry of Interior on National Fire Prevention Rules- Annex 18. lays down the rules of maintenance and inspection of fire extinguishers
1 Equipments that meet the requirements of standard series MSZ 1040 (except portable fire extinguishers)
2 Equipments that meet the requirements of standard series MSZ EN 3, MSZ EN 1866 and MSZ 1040- portable fire extinguishers)